Skip to main content

15 global challenges that cannot be addressed by any government acting alone

  The 15 Global Challenges  from t he Millennium Project, a global participatory think tank. 1. How can sustainable development be achieved for all while addressing global climate change? 2. How can everyone have sufficient clean water without conflict? 3. How can population growth and resources be brought into balance? 4. How can genuine democracy emerge from authoritarian regimes? 5. How can decisionmaking be enhanced by integrating improved global foresight during unprecedented accelerating change? 6. How can the global convergence of information and communications technologies work for everyone? 7. How can ethical market economies be encouraged to help reduce the gap between rich and poor? 8. How can the threat of new and reemerging diseases and immune micro-organisms be reduced? 9. How can education make humanity more intelligent, knowledgeable, and wise enough to address its global challenges? 10. How can shared values and new security strategies reduce ethnic conflicts, terroris

Clusters of UK universities based on research, teaching, economic resources, academic selectivity and socioeconomic mix of students

UK University league tables are unreliable as they are often closely bunched together at the top, middle and bottom. Don't read too much into universities placed 10 to 20 places apart – a university in 50th place is usually separated by the one in 60th by only a few percentage points. This is also why some universities ranking fluctuate from year to year – small differences in score can mean big differences in placing. For example, a small drop in the National Student Survey (NSS) may cost a university 20 places in league tables.

It makes more sense to cluster universities based on similar criteria. According to DOI: 10.1080/03054985.2015.1082905, there are 4 distinctive clusters of universities in the UK. A stark division is evident between the old pre-1992 universities and the post-1992 universities, with large differences evident in terms of research activity, economic resources, academic selectivity, and social mix. The difference between old and new universities with respect to teaching quality is minor.

Oxford and Cambridge stand out among the old universities forming an ‘elite’ tier of universities. The differences between this elite tier and the rest are substantial in relation to research activity, economic resources, academic selectivity, and social mix, but are much more modest in relation to teaching quality.

The remaining 22 Russell Group universities are found to cluster together with over half (17 out of 30) of all the other old universities.

Around a quarter of post-92 universities form a distinctive bottom tier. These universities are far less well-resourced than all other universities, and the student populations they serve are much less academically successful and socioeconomically disadvantaged.

The 4 clusters of UK universities are listed below, sorted by CUG ranking within the same cluster.

Russell GroupUnaffiliated pre-92 universitiesMillion+GuildHEUniversity AllianceUnaffiliated post-92 universities

Cluster 1 (2 universities)

  1. University of Cambridge
  2. University of Oxford

Cluster 2 (39 universities)

  1. University of St Andrew
  2. London School of Economics
  3. Imperial College London
  4. Loughborough University
  5. University of Durham
  6. University of Lancaster
  7. University of Bath
  8. University College London
  9. University of Warwick
  10. University of Exeter
  11. University of Birmingham
  12. University of Bristol
  13. University of Edinburgh
  14. University of Leeds
  15. University of Manchester
  16. University of Southampton
  17. University of Glasgow
  18. King's College London
  19. University of Nottingham
  20. University of York
  21. University of Newcastle
  22. Royal Holloway
  23. University of East Anglia
  24. University of Aberdeen
  25. Queen's University of Belfast
  26. University of Sheffield
  27. Heriot-Watt University
  28. Cardiff University
  29. University of Dundee
  30. University of Liverpool
  31. University of Surrey
  32. Queen Mary University of London
  33. University of Strathclyde
  34. SOAS
  35. University of Leicester
  36. University of Reading
  37. University of Sussex
  38. University of Kent
  39. Goldsmiths, University of London

Cluster 3 (67 universities)

  1. Swansea University
  2. University of Essex
  3. Harper Adams University
  4. Aston University
  5. University for the Creative Arts
  6. University of Stirling
  7. Nottingham Trent University
  8. Arts University Bournemouth
  9. Oxford Brookes University
  10. University of Lincoln
  11. University of the Arts, London
  12. University of Northumbria
  13. University of Huddersfield
  14. Manchester Metropolitan
  15. Coventry University
  16. University of Keele
  17. City University of London
  18. Aberystwyth University
  19. Ulster University
  20. University of Portsmouth
  21. University of Hull
  22. University of the West of England, Bristol
  23. Liverpool John Moores University
  24. Sheffield Hallam University
  25. University of Bradford
  26. Falmouth University
  27. University of Central Lancashire
  28. University of Plymouth
  29. University of Chichester
  30. Bangor University
  31. Robert Gordon University
  32. Staffordshire University
  33. Queen Margaret University
  34. Edinburgh Napier University
  35. University of West London
  36. University of Hertfordshire
  37. De Montfort University
  38. Roehampton University
  39. Birmingham City University
  40. Brunel University
  41. Bournemouth University
  42. Cardiff Metropolitan University
  43. Glasgow Caledonian University
  44. London South Bank University
  45. University of Greenwich
  46. University of Salford
  47. Bath Spa University
  48. University of Chester
  49. Teesside University
  50. University of Abertay Dundee
  51. University of Gloucestershire
  52. Middlesex University
  53. University of Derby
  54. Kingston University
  55. University of South Wales
  56. University of Worcester
  57. University of Winchester
  58. University of Sunderland
  59. University of Northampton
  60. University of the West of Scotland
  61. University of Westminster
  62. University of Brighton
  63. Leeds Beckett University
  64. Newman University
  65. University of Bedfordshire
  66. Canterbury Christ Church
  67. University of the Highlands & Islands

 Cluster 4 (19 universities)

  1. Liverpool Hope University
  2. Edge Hill University
  3. University of Wales Trinity Saint David
  4. Solent University
  5. York St John University
  6. Bishop Grosseteste University
  7. Anglia Ruskin University
  8. University of East London
  9. University of Cumbria
  10. London Metropolitan University
  11. University of Wolverhampton
  12. Leeds Trinity University
  13. Buckinghamshire New University
  14. Wrexham Glyndwr University
  15. University of Bolton
  16. University College Birmingham
  17. Plymouth Marjon University
  18. University of Suffolk
  19. Ravensbourne University London


Popular posts from this blog


Heraldry probably began with the knights in armour. When wearing a helmet in battle or in tournaments a knight could not be recognised; so he used symbols to decorate his shield and surcoat. The surcoat was the loose garment worn over the armour to protect it from rain or hot sun and actually was the "coat-of-arms"; it was decorated on the front and back with the same device as on the shield. The correct expression for entire design is an achievement . An achievement consists of the shield, helmet, rest, wreath, mantling and motto. These are the main parts. To them can be added supporters and a compartment. In the centre is the most important part, the shield . The surface of the shield is called the field  and on it the colourful charges are placed. The shield is called the arms or coat-of-arms  and can be drawn in any shape - in an upright position or slanting, which is the position it would fall into if hung on a peg. In Heraldry it slants to dexter. The helmet denot

You can find your Wireless Network Key on Virgin Media Wireless Router

We have a new netbook computer, and don't know where to find network key, which is needed to setup wireless connection. A network key may also be called WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) key or WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access) key. A wireless network key is a security feature that prevents unauthorized users from accessing a wireless network. An unprotected network is an unlocked virtual door, anybody within range can piggyback on the network undetected. I use Virgin media broadband with a Virgin media wireless router, this router has a WPA key taped on the router, that WPA key is an English word consisting of 10 letters. To tape network key on the router is a good idea, because we may never lose or forget a wireless network key as long as we possess the router.

The Meaning of Derby City Council Logo

Derby City Logo The logo of Derby City Council looks quite abstract and modern. I wonder what's the meaning of it? The lower-left part of the logo looks like a snail (or the initial letter D in Derby?), the upper-right part seems a river, (Derwent river?) these two parts are connected by a straight line at the bottom. I did some searches on the web trying to find out the true meaning of Derby City Council logo, but without success. So, I wrote to tourist information, and got the answer from Michael: The Logo is a representation of two of Derby's oldest emblems, one being a ram the other a buck (deer). Obviously the logo is a modern interpretation of these two figures so it is not obvious unless you know what to look for. Most people do seem to agree with you that it looks like a snail however. Ram! the curly horn of ram looks like a snail indeed. The ram and the deer are from coat of arms of City of Derby, In this coats of arms, we can see the deers both in shield (arm