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15 global challenges that cannot be addressed by any government acting alone

  The 15 Global Challenges  from t he Millennium Project, a global participatory think tank. 1. How can sustainable development be achieved for all while addressing global climate change? 2. How can everyone have sufficient clean water without conflict? 3. How can population growth and resources be brought into balance? 4. How can genuine democracy emerge from authoritarian regimes? 5. How can decisionmaking be enhanced by integrating improved global foresight during unprecedented accelerating change? 6. How can the global convergence of information and communications technologies work for everyone? 7. How can ethical market economies be encouraged to help reduce the gap between rich and poor? 8. How can the threat of new and reemerging diseases and immune micro-organisms be reduced? 9. How can education make humanity more intelligent, knowledgeable, and wise enough to address its global challenges? 10. How can shared values and new security strategies reduce ethnic conflicts, terroris

Fairies in United Kingdom

In the book Phantasmagoria (Ryhme? and Reason) by Lewis Carroll, the Phantom ghost told the man named Tibbets, he has a very big and variety family. His father was a Brownie, and mother was a fairy. His mother seemed very productive and she brought her children in different ways: one was a Pixy, two were Fays (fairy), another was a Banshee. The Fetch and kepie went to school, and gave a lot of trouble; Next came a poltergeist and Ghoul, and then two Trolls, a Gobline, and a Double. Next came an Elf, and then a Phantom that's himself. And last, a Leprechaun.

During the disscussion, the Phantom ghost told the man, just as in human society, in ghost society there is a hierachy, and ghost are answerable to the King who must be addressed as "Your Royal Whiteness". There is even a Knight Mayor, whose job it is to give you "nightmares". There is also Inspectre who caught a "sort of chill", and he can only quench his thirsty and rid himself his chill by visiting his hungting ground which happens to be inns where they serve port-wine; hence his name, the "inn-Spectre".

The Gnomes are said to run all over the countryside they inhabit; but they 'freeze' the moment human beings look in their direction. They can change themselves into one or other of the creatures of the wild they live among. They are fond of playing jokes on people, but only kind ones, which they expect humans to laugh at. If human folk get annoyed, the Gnomes are said to 'make their luck bad'.  Usually, though, Gnomes are friendly.

The Imps are not only fond of doing their own housework, and cooking for the other fairies; they are also supposed to help human people who are doing these jobs. The work must be going on well, though, because if the human beings are not doing their best the Imps will move on to other households.

The Sprites are the lightest, daintiest fairies, and love the great out-of-doors. It does not worry them whether the day is sunny or not; they ride along over land and sea on a soft breeze or a fierce gale. They love to go into houses, taking fresh air with them.

Leprechauns are shoemakers, and very clever they are too at this craft. They earn a lot of money -- paid of course, in gold -- by making shoes for the other fairies. No human being has ever found a Leprechaun's hoard of fairy gold. They work in quiet places in the countryside, and wear a leather apron.

Elves love the countryside and wear green so that they cannot easily be seen when in the fields, woods, and hills. They like human beings to enjoy the wonders of nature as they do, but they are said to become angry if you fail to observe the 'countryside code' and keep it tidy.

PĂ­xies often dance in the moonlight to the music of crickets and frogs. They are supposed to have power to help people have pleasant dreams, though sometimes they become mischievous. They like people to leave basins of water out for them to drink. During the night they guide travellers, and in olden times humans believed the Pixies helped them with work in the fields.

Kelpies are water-sprites and live in the lakes and streams of Scotland. They are supposed to have the power to change themselves into fairy horses, and country folk say they have seen them grazing in pastures or dashing along the beds of the streams and lakes. They are regarded as helpers of travellers.

The Little People are known more in Ireland than anywhere else. They will help human beings, but only if approached in the right way and given milk or food as payment. One of the powers they are supposed to possess is the ability to disappear, and this they do if people do not treat them well.

The Tylwyth Teg, as the name suggests, live in Wales, and prefer a small lake near which is a large rock. The rock is supposed to have a door; this is open on one day of the year only - said to be May Day. Human people have been taken through this door have found a secret passage leading to a small island in the centre of the lake. There they have found a wonderful garden stocked with every kind of fruit and flower. Exquisite music floated through the air. One human visitor tried to take away a flower, and had a spell cast on him. Since then the island has remained close, and no bird will fly over it. Sweet music is still sometimes heard coming from it.

Fairies live in tiny houses furnished in silver and gold, and hold banquets at which the most delicious food is served. Sometimes they ride on white horses in long processions. The manes of the horses are said to be braided and have silver bells that tinkle as they move. They love to play pranks, but are always kind and take food and toys to poor children. They also break the bad spells cast by witches.

The Ghillie Dhu are Scottish fairies who have been known to leave their children for human folk to bring up. One mother who brought up a fairy baby with her own found a pile of lovely clothes for them each morning, as well as tempting food for her family. When the fairy claimed her own baby she repaid the human mother by giving her some eye ointment which enable her to watch the fairies as they went about invisible to others.

Bwbachod are friends of Welsh farmers and farming people, and are especially fond of dancing to the music of the Welsh harp. They have been known to take away children, who have lived happily with them for many years, although when returned to their real parents find that they have been away only a few hours. The Bwbacho can be mischievous and cause trouble on the farm, but mostly they help all good people who earn their living on the land.


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