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Constituencies, wards and local councils

Constituencies (a.k.a. parliamentary constituencies): each electing one Member of Parliament (MP) every 5 years to the House of Commons (Parliament). There are 650 constituencies in the UK.Wards (a.k.a. electoral divisions or electoral wards) is the primary unit of English electoral geography for borough and district councils, county councils or city councils. Each ward elects either one or two councillors to be members of the local council. There were 9,456 electoral wards/divisions in the UK and each ward has an average electorate of about 5,500 people, but ward population can vary substantially.Local council is made up of a number of Councillors (Cllr) who meet regularly to make decisions about the direction of the council and the work it does for the community. As elected bodies local councils are responsible to their local community. Attending a council meeting is the best way to find out what they do and how they make decisions. Members of public can attend public council meetin…

Cinderella's real name is Ella

I bought a second-hand book from the Community Charity Shop for my daughter.

There is another Cinderella story among the Fairy stories. My daughter asked me to read it,
She was dressed in rags, and because she spent so much time in the kitchen among the cinders, they called her "Cinderella".
So, Cinderella actually was a nickname, What's Cinderella's real name? Was it Ella?

Ella is a female given name, it seems not very common, according to statistics, 1 in 990 females called Ella; and its popularity rank in the U.S. is #210.

The original story was written by the Brothers Grimm, In one very early English version, translated by Margaret Taylor (1884), explaining the origin of Cinderella's Name,
Besides this, the sisters did her every imaginable injury -- they mocked her and emptied her peas and lentils into the ashes, so that she was forced to sit and pick them out again. In the evening when she had worked till she was weary she had no bed to go to, but had to sleep by the fireside in the ashes. And as on that account she always looked dusty and dirty, they called her Cinderella.
In this version, the story was much different from modern retold versions, though. Cinderella's father still lived from the beginning of the story to the end, together with her stepmother and two cruelty sisters, he seemed as cruel and ignorant of her daughter's misery; There were no Fairy Godmother who helped Cinderella's dreams came true, instead of that, two white birds which came to live on the hazel tree by Cinderella's mother's grave; The shoe that "Prince Charming" (the King's son in the original story) used to find her true bride was not made of glass instead of golden; The two cruel sisters were punished for their " wickedness and falsehood" by the white birds, in the wedding, two white pigeon came to sit on her shoulders, her two sisters came and wanted to get into favour with Cinderella and share her good fortune,
When the betrothed couple went to church, the elder was at the right side and the younger at the left, and the pigeons pecked out one eye of each of them. Afterwards as they came back, the elder was at the left, and the younger at the right, and then the pigeons pecked out the other eye of each.
The original story itself is more darker, cruelty, even bloodier than the modern retold version, another plot was Cinderella's sister tried to fit into the golden shoe, one cut off her toe and another cut off heel, they swallowed pain, blood dripped within the shoe.

In modern version, Cinderella's father was made dead to keep him a loving baron; Glass shoes is more romantic than gold; Fairy Godmother can do magic instead of pigeon; Cruelty and bloody has been concealed, the whole story become brighter and happier.

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