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Constituencies, wards and local councils

Constituencies (a.k.a. parliamentary constituencies): each electing one Member of Parliament (MP) every 5 years to the House of Commons (Parliament). There are 650 constituencies in the UK.Wards (a.k.a. electoral divisions or electoral wards) is the primary unit of English electoral geography for borough and district councils, county councils or city councils. Each ward elects either one or two councillors to be members of the local council. There were 9,456 electoral wards/divisions in the UK and each ward has an average electorate of about 5,500 people, but ward population can vary substantially.Local council is made up of a number of Councillors (Cllr) who meet regularly to make decisions about the direction of the council and the work it does for the community. As elected bodies local councils are responsible to their local community. Attending a council meeting is the best way to find out what they do and how they make decisions. Members of public can attend public council meetin…

The largest professional bodies for computer science

IEEE is a non-profit, technical professional international association of more than 377,000 individual members in 150 countries. The full name is the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., although the organization is most popularly known and referred to by the letters IEEE. Through its technical publishing, conferences and consensus-based standards activities, the IEEE produces 30 percent of the world's published literature in electrical engineering, computers and control technology, and holds annually more than 300 major conferences and has nearly 900 active standards with 700 under development Through its members, the IEEE is a leading authority in technical areas ranging from computer engineering, biomedical technology and telecommunications, to electric power, aerospace and consumer electronics, among others. IEEE Computer Society (IEEE CS), IEEE Computational Intelligence Society (relating to AI), and IEEE Systems, Man & Cybernetics Society are three societies relating to computer science. IEEE CS is the largest of the three. IEEE online library is called IEEExplore.

The British Computer Society (BCS) was established in 1957. It is the largest UK-based professional body for computing. The BCS has a worldwide membership of over 68,000 members in over 100 countries. The BCS is the only professional body in UK with the ability to grant chartered status to both its Fellows and Professional members. Known as Chartered IT Professional, they are entitled to use the suffix CITP. The BCS keeps a register of current Chartered Members and Fellows.

Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) is the largest USA-based professional body for computing. ACM has a worldwide membership of over 84,000 members in over 140 countries. 20% of ACM members are from academia. ACM has more than 40 publications; nearly 150 Special Interest Group conferences; a searchable Digital Library. ACM Special interest groups are similar to IEEE societies. ACM online library is called ACM Digital Library.

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coat-of-arms

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The correct expression for entire design is an achievement. An achievement consists of the shield, helmet, rest, wreath, mantling and motto. These are the main parts. To them can be added supporters and a compartment.

In the centre is the most important part, the shield. The surface of the shield is called the field and on it the colourful charges are placed. The shield is called the arms or coat-of-arms and can be drawn in any shape - in an upright position or slanting, which is the position it would fall into if hung on a peg. In Heraldry it slants to dexter.


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Is Aladdin a Chinese?

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The Meaning of Derby City Council Logo

The logo of Derby City Council looks quite abstract and modern. I wonder what's the meaning of it? The lower-left part of the logo looks like a snail (or the initial letter D in Derby?), the upper-right part seems a river, (Derwent river?) these two parts are connected by a straight line at the bottom.

I did some searches on the web trying to find out the true meaning of Derby City Council logo, but without success. So, I wrote to tourist information, and got the answer from Michael:
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