Skip to main content

The New Poor Law 1834

When hard times came, obtaining support under the New Poor Law of 1834 was not an easy option.

In 1834 the New Poor Law was enacted which joined together about six Parishes into a Union for the administration of the measures to deal with the poor under the national leadership of the Poor Law Commissioners. Several citizens in the Parish, usually the well to do, were appointed to run them, the Guardians.

The Guardians normally served ratepayers interests not the paupers, they might regard poverty as the fault of the poor, and they supported and carried out harsh treatment of the poor.

Every Union had a Workhouse. Homes were broken up and people moved into the Workhouse if they had no relatives to look after them.

The applicant for relief had to go before the Board of Guardians who would decide whether to offer support in the home or in the new 'deterrent' workhouse. The board of Guardian's Minute Books contain many snapshots of personal tragedies, such as 'bastard' children whose mother had been sent to prison for debt, so an order was made for them to be sent into the workhouse.

In the Workhouse, couples were separated, families also. In 1842, a year of wide spread industrial depression, a weaver applied for relief as he was unemployed, he, his wife and their six children were sent to the workhouse and lived separately.

Life in the Workhouse was harsh, with hard work and poor food. Workhouse dwellers were given a uniform in exchange for their clothes, usually a coarse gown or cotton shirt. These would have letters sewn on to them, 'P' for Pauper, followed by the letter of the Parish.

The old seem to be supported in their own homes. The standard assistance might be 4lb. of bread, sugar and half an ounce of tea, the total cost amounting to 1s. 6d. It is easy to see they were on the border line of starvation. When sickness was the problem, medical relief was given, which might also include extra rations; malt rice, even beef. If a member of the family died an application was often made for a coffin and it was usually provided.

1929 End of Boards of Guardians, the new poor assistance system has been gradually replaced by Old Age Pensions scheme or National Insurance scheme.

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Fw: Story -- A Lazy Fat King

Sent from my BlackBerry® wireless device From: brenda sheng <brenda.rili.sheng@gmail.com> Date: Sat, 22 Feb 2014 19:26:52 +0000 To: Jim Sheng<jim.sheng@gmail.com> Subject: Story
The Fat King

Once upon a time there was a kingdom with... a fat king! He was very fat and lazy, he had 10 servants to help him to eat, and helped him to go to bed, and lots of other things. His first servant served the food on the table, the second servant put food on the spoon, the third servant opened his mouth, the fourth servant put the food in his mouth, the fifth servant had to help him chew! The sixth one fed him soup, the seventh one blew the soup if it was too hot, the eighth one wiped his mouth with a wet towel, the ninth one fed him desserts, and the tenth one put drinks in his mouth. The king was ''so'' lazy that he didn't even walk! He was carried around by some servants.

One day the chairs for the king were braking so the servants had to make special beds, then the…

You can find your Wireless Network Key on Virgin Media Wireless Router

We have a new netbook computer, and don't know where to find network key, which is needed to setup wireless connection.

A network key may also be called WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) key or WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access) key.

A wireless network key is a security feature that prevents unauthorized users from accessing a wireless network. An unprotected network is an unlocked virtual door, anybody within range can piggyback on the network undetected.

I use Virgin media broadband with a Virgin media wireless router, this router has a WPA key taped on the router, that WPA key is an English word consisting of 10 letters.

To tape network key on the router is a good idea, because we may never lose or forget a wireless network key as long as we possess the router.

The Meaning of Derby City Council Logo

The logo of Derby City Council looks quite abstract and modern. I wonder what's the meaning of it? The lower-left part of the logo looks like a snail (or the initial letter D in Derby?), the upper-right part seems a river, (Derwent river?) these two parts are connected by a straight line at the bottom.

I did some searches on the web trying to find out the true meaning of Derby City Council logo, but without success. So, I wrote to tourist information, and got the answer from Michael:
The Logo is a representation of two of Derby's oldest emblems, one being a ram the other a buck (deer). Obviously the logo is a modern interpretation of these two figures so it is not obvious unless you know what to look for. Most people do seem to agree with you that it looks like a snail however.
Ram! the curly horn of ram looks like a snail indeed. The ram and the deer are from coat of arms of City of Derby,
In this coats of arms, we can see the deers both in shield (arms) and supporter, but the…