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Constituencies, wards and local councils

Constituencies (a.k.a. parliamentary constituencies): each electing one Member of Parliament (MP) every 5 years to the House of Commons (Parliament). There are 650 constituencies in the UK.Wards (a.k.a. electoral divisions or electoral wards) is the primary unit of English electoral geography for borough and district councils, county councils or city councils. Each ward elects either one or two councillors to be members of the local council. There were 9,456 electoral wards/divisions in the UK and each ward has an average electorate of about 5,500 people, but ward population can vary substantially.Local council is made up of a number of Councillors (Cllr) who meet regularly to make decisions about the direction of the council and the work it does for the community. As elected bodies local councils are responsible to their local community. Attending a council meeting is the best way to find out what they do and how they make decisions. Members of public can attend public council meetin…

An imaginary Derby Citizen from early 19th early century

There is an article in Derby local newspaper Mercury telling an imaginary Derby citizen from the early 19th century how good things were now:

Consider! In your day only a few people could read and write. In your day you walked to Nottingham, or you spent 10 hours in getting to London by coach. In ours the Nottingham run takes half-an-hour; we get to London in three, to Paris in a day, to America in a week. Your best idea of a telegraph was a line of signal posts from the sea to London; we have wires and we can communicate with anyone in a few hours; with other wires we can telephone and actually talk to people either in their offices in Derby or their offices in London. Your news from the Continent took weeks to come, now we can get it flashed under the sea, from all parts of the world in a few hours.

You lighted your homes with rush-lights or candles; we light our houses or streets with gas or electricity. You took your pitcher to the pump; we get our water, fresh and pure from the country, brought inside our houses. Your bread was dear; our is cheap. You grew what you ate; we get much of ours over the seas - indeed, we make ice-machines in Derby, which brings meat all the way from Australia. Your only notion of a tram was the old line the father of all the tram-lines in the world, they say, which brought and still brings the coal down from Derby to the canal at Little Eaton; ours is a coach on iron rails, which runs through the principal streets of the town. You probably heard of the hobby horse as a toy, our inventors have turned it into a machine on which our men and maidens career about the country at the rate of 10 miles an hour. You used to think that machinery killed labour; we have discovered that machinery creates labour.

Of course human imaginary has the limitation, this Derby citizen had not foreseen the radio, television, compact disc, airplane and unending ordinary conveniences of the 20th century hidden in the future. In his imaginary world the fastest car could only drive 10 miles an hour. And now the trains are not running through the principal streets of the town delivering coal to every household.


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The Meaning of Derby City Council Logo

The logo of Derby City Council looks quite abstract and modern. I wonder what's the meaning of it? The lower-left part of the logo looks like a snail (or the initial letter D in Derby?), the upper-right part seems a river, (Derwent river?) these two parts are connected by a straight line at the bottom.

I did some searches on the web trying to find out the true meaning of Derby City Council logo, but without success. So, I wrote to tourist information, and got the answer from Michael:
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